The rain-fed agriculture contributes 58 per cent to world’s food basket from 80 percent agriculture lands . As a consequence of global population increase, water for food production is becoming an increasingly scarce resource,and the situation is further aggravated by climate change . The rain-fed areas are the hotspots of poverty, malnutrition, food insecurity, prone to severe land degradation, water security and poor social and institutional infrastructure.atershed development program is,therefore, considered as an efective tool for addressing many of these problems and recognized as potential engine for agriculture growth and development in fragile and marginal rain-fed areas. Management of natural resources at watershed scale produces multiple production, improving livelihoods, protecting environment, addressing gender and equity issues along with biodiversity concerns.
The components of watershed development programme include; (i) soil and land management (ii) water management (iii) crop management (iv) afforestation (v) pasture or fodder development (vi) livestock management (vii) rural energy management (viii) other farm and non-farm activities (ix) and development of community skills and resources. All these components are interdependent and interactive.
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